Waffle or Honeycomb weave is constructed using a combination of plain and 'float' weave structures to form a pattern of small squares. A float weave is formed by travelling a warp or weft yarn over a number of warp or weft yarns without weaving it over and under the other. The centre of each square is plain weave, with float yarns being introduced around this centre, increasing in length towards the edge of each square repeat. This complex weave structure is woven flat, but when taken off the loom and washed, the yarns contract to form a three-dimensional and textured appearance.
This two-sided weave structure of peaks and valleys is most commonly made from cotton and widely used for bed linen, sleepwear and summer clothing as it helps to regulate body temperature due to its reduced surface contact with the skin. For the same reason, it is also highly absorbent, and often used as towelling, as it is highly efficient at drawing moisture away from the body. Its relatively loose weave structure means also means its flexible and is fast to dry.