The basket or panama weave is a simple variation of the plain or tabby weave introduced in the 'Warp & Weft' extract. The basket weave is made by grouping two or more warp and weft yarns and interlacing them equally at right angles to form a simple criss-cross pattern.
This basket weave shows a '2:2' ratio or '2-count' of crossing yarns: two wefts weaving under and over two warps, and so on. Monks Cloth is an example of a basket weave, a 100% cotton canvas used for needle punch embroidery using a 12:12, or 12-count weave.
Other forms of basket weaving can be seen in baskets, of course, but it's also used widely for hats, bags, sandals and furniture.